Understanding ADHD – The facts

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ADHD fast facts

  • ADHD, AD/HD, and ADD are all the same disorder. The only difference is that some people suffer from hyperactivity and some don’t

  • Anyone can suffer from ADHD regardless of age, gender, IQ, religious or socio-economic background

  • Boys are diagnosed two to three times more often than girls

  • Diagnosing ADHD is a complex process and the patient must exhibit a large number of symptoms, demonstrate substantial problems with daily life in several major life areas (work, school, or friends), and have had the symptoms for a minimum of six months

  • Other mental health conditions like anxiety, depression and sleeping disorders often occur along with ADHD

  • ADHD is NOT caused by moral failure, poor parenting, family problems, poor teachers or schools, too much TV, food allergies, or excess sugar. Instead, research shows that ADHD is both genetic (with the majority of ADHD cases having a genetic component), and a brain-based disorder (with the symptoms of ADHD linked to many specific brain areas).

  • Treatment focuses on reducing the symptoms of ADHD and includes medication, various types of psychotherapy, behavioural interventions, education or training, and educational support.

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